International Court of Justice (ICJ)
The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It settles legal disputes between member states and gives advisory opinions upon request by the General Assembly and the various specialized agencies in accordance with international law. In this session, the two cases before the Court concern: (A) immunities of heads of state wanted for serious international crimes; and (B) the legality of the situation in Northern Syria. With regards to immunity from prosecution under international law, the ICJ will examine the circumstances surrounding the obligations of states to carry out arrest warrants issued by the International Criminal Court over the Darfur case referred by the Security Council and consider what situations (if any) may void the absolute immunity from prosecution for heads of state claimed by Sudan and the African Union. International actors have been actively intervening in the ongoing Syrian Civil War in favor of their chosen factions; the ICJ will consider the activities of Turkey and Russia in the Afrin area, including the occupation of sovereign Syrian territory by foreign actors, and deliver judgment on its legal status under international law.
Case A: Immunities and Obligations Under Warrants Issued by the International Criminal Court (Netherlands v. Ethiopia)
Case B: Border and Transborder Armed Actions (Syria v. Turkey)
Last year at EmpireMUNC IV, the ICJ considered the case regarding the Status of the Rohingya People. The final judgment of the court on that case can be found here.